Gupta College of Business

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    THE MEDIATING ROLE OF RISK PERCEPTION IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COVID-19 KNOWLEDGE AND STRATEGIC THINKING IN HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATION
    (2023-12) Franklyn U. Echemah
    The Covid-19 pandemic has caused significant disruptions across multiple sectors, particularly in healthcare, necessitating the implementation of effective crisis management strategies. This dissertation explores the intricate relationship between Covid-19 knowledge, risk perception, and strategic decision-making among mid-level to executive personnel within healthcare organizations. While existing research has delved into the connection between Covid-19 knowledge and strategic thinking, there is limited understanding of the mediating role of risk perception in the healthcare industry. Employing structural equation modeling (SEM) for data analysis, this study aims to bridge this research gap and offer practical insights for healthcare managers grappling with pandemic challenges. The results affirm the positive influence of Covid-19 knowledge on both strategic thinking and risk perception. Additionally, risk perception is identified as a partial mediator in the relationship between Covid-19 knowledge and strategic thinking. This research enriches the literature by shedding light on the significance of risk perception within the context of Covid-19 knowledge and strategic decision-making within healthcare organizations.
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    Playing Two Games at Once: The Roles of Absorptive Capacity and Organizational Trust in the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Climate and Organizational Ambidexterity
    (2023-09) Oyewo, Oyetunde
    The ever-changing competitive and unpredictable nature of the business environment dictates that organizations must be as good at anticipating future trends as they are at profitably running their current operations. Thus, organizational ambidexterity is essential for long-term survival. The dynamic business environment calls for behaviors across an organization encouraged by organizational actors, especially the top management team that are tasked with the strategic direction of the organization. Fostering an entrepreneurial climate as perceived by employees in the organization is the first step in laying the foundation for learning and innovation. Supported by the upper echelons theory, the present study examined the relationship between entrepreneurial climate and organizational ambidexterity, with additional interest in the roles that organizational trust and absorptive capacity play in the relationship. Using a sample of full-time employees across several industries recruited on the professional network platform LinkedIn to test the hypothetical and alterative models, the study confirms a positive relationship between an entrepreneurial climate and organizational ambidexterity with the mediating effect of absorptive capacity. However, organizational trust did not have a significant effect. Opportunities for future research are discussed.
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    Work-Life Balance in the New Normal: A Study of Performance and Well-Being Post-Pandemic
    (2023-08) Wilson, Jared R.
    COVID-19 and the government shelter-in-place forced millions of traditional office employees to work outside their physical location, and instead, work as remote or work-from-home (WFH) employees. Even though the pandemic is over, this novel phenomenon has changed work characteristics and perceptions of employee outcomes moving forward. In addition, the mass exodus from office workers to remote workers has left a gap in the literature. The infrequency of remote workers before the pandemic is disproportionate to the many remote workers today, leaving the generalizability of WFH employee outcomes incomplete. The primary objective of this research is to examine the challenges associated with remote work, and their impact on the ability to balance professional obligations and family responsibilities. Examining the relationship between virtual work characteristics, autonomy and monitoring, and their effects on employee performance and well-being via work-home interference, we surveyed 381 full-time employees who work remotely at least one day a week. We found support for direct relationships between autonomy and performance and autonomy and work interference with family. In addition, we found direct relationships between work-home interference and performance and well-being. This study provides valuable insights into the experiences and perspectives of WFH employees.
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    Connecting with Multi-Campus Systems in Higher Education: The Moderating Role of Proximity Between Perceived Organizational Support and Employee Commitment
    (2023-08) Nabors, Ernie R.
    This study examines how proximity influences the relationship between perceived organizational support and employee commitment in multi-campus organizational structures. Authors have underlined how geographical proximity is not the only measure of the closeness of an organization. Proximity can be further examined through cognitive, institutional, social, and organizational proximities. We hypothesized that not only does the closeness of an organization influence employee commitment, but it also influences the relational dynamics of an employee's perceived organizational support. The purpose of this paper is twofold: to provide a conceptual framework to measure an organization's closeness and assess how proximity influences the relationship between organizational support and employee commitment. A survey was sent to the faculty and staff at a regional community college (n=92). The regression results aligned with the direct effects of perceived organizational support and employee commitment; however, the hypothesized moderating effects of proximity were insignificant. This research has implications for higher-education institutions with multiple campuses and contributes to organization proximity and employee commitment literature.
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    The Social Antecedents of Password Sharing: Why Do People Share Passwords?
    (2023-08) Murimi, Robert K.
    Subscription-based services are widely used, and also widely shared, leading to significant revenue losses for providers. This research studied the role of social relationships in individuals' intentions to share passwords. Specifically, this research used social exchange theory to study how altruism, reciprocity, perceived status, and social connectedness affected individual intentions to share passwords, where trust was the mediating factor. The findings of this research indicated that perceived status was a significant predictor of password sharing intentions. Users with lower perceived social status intended to share their passwords with those of higher perceived social status. These findings indicate that password sharing intentions may be more of a power differential than an exchange mechanism. The primary finding of this study is that status was influential in the intention to share passwords, that is, two individuals at different levels of social status encouraged sharing intentions.
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    Chasing Realism: Consumption Science & Platform Performance Convergence in the Video Game Industry
    (2023-08) Tedder, Robbie Jr
    For decades, the video gaming community has passionately debated whether the best gaming experience can be found using a personal computer (PC) or a gaming console (Xbox, PlayStation, etc.) platform. While PCs have had superior performance (e.g., speed, graphics, etc.) for many years, some experts now believe that the gaming hardware industry is becoming isomorphic. That is, with advances in technology, “the playing field has been levelled,” and gamers should get the same experience whether they are using a PC or a console. If this truly is the case, have gamers noticed, and has it affected their perceptions of the different platforms? Using a cross-sectional survey of gamers, we examined if a gamer’s platform (i.e., hardware) expectations directly influenced their engagement, and if this relationship is mediated by perceived isomorphism by the gamer. Moreover, we posited that the relationship between gamer platform performance utility and perceived isomorphism will be moderated by how much importance a gamer places on hardware price. A survey measuring these constructs was sent to gamers resulting in a final sample of 512 respondents. Using PROCESS model 7 for moderated mediation, a direct relationship between performance utility and engagement was significant. In addition, we found that perceived isomorphism also directly influenced engagement. Yet, support for our moderated mediation model put forth was not found. Altogether, we believe that this research will enable gaming platform manufacturers to better position their products, and that our findings will extend the very limited consumer behavior gaming research in academia.
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    Repairing Legitimacy after Organizational Misconduct: Signaling Remediation via Corporate Governance Change Following Disclosures of Potential Criminal Liability
    (2019-04) Bogie, Rebecca A.
    Organizational misconduct, which suggests ineffective monitoring and oversight, focuses attention on top‐level management and may damage organizational legitimacy. Under the legal reforms following corporate scandals in the early 2000s, the board of directors and executives bear direct responsibility for monitoring and oversight. As such, it is reasonable to examine whether disclosures of potential misconduct result in increased board director and CEO turnover and whether such corporate governance changes are appropriate mechanisms for organizational legitimacy repair. This study, using a sample of U.S. publicly traded companies with matched controls, investigated organizational legitimacy damage and repair in the context of disclosures of potential, federal‐level criminal liability; such disclosures are mandated in the U.S. by generally accepted accounting principles. The study builds on the body of research known as ex post settling up, where limited empirical evidence exists around the presumed legitimacy repair benefits of board and executive turnover following organizational misconduct. Regarding practice, the findings may aid organizational management in planning for the consequences of these types of disclosures. Additionally, the findings lend support to issues previously identified by regulators in relation to credit agencies and the lack of influence of non‐financial factors such as misconduct and corporate governance in their ratings.
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    The role of the perceived organizational support and leader-member exchange in developing the intention to engage in scholarly activities
    (2022-08) Groves Brandon, Shelly
    Academic medical centers maintain their competitive advantage by offering innovative clinical treatments to patients and by sustaining a high level of scientific productivity from faculty members at their affiliated medical schools. In such centers, scientific productivity is measured by the number and quality of scientific articles published, conference presentations given, research grants awarded, and patents granted. These contributions are important not only to the institution but also to the individual faculty members for career advancement and progression of the field of study in which they specialize. Given the importance of faculty members’ scholarly contributions, it is imperative to better understand what factors influence their scientific productivity. One such factor is the social exchange between employee, leadership, and the organization at large; therefore, this study reviewed how faculty members’ perception of organizational support (POS) and leader-member exchange (LMX) would influence their attitude about scientific productivity through the lens of the theory of planned behavior (TPB). I also examined perceived organizational support and leader-member exchange influence on the relationship between perceived behavioral control (PBC) and behavioral intention by surveying faculty members from academic medical centers across the US that host NCI-designated cancer centers The results indicated that the perception of high-quality LMX was positively related to greater PBC and stronger intention to engage in scholarly activities. On the other hand, POS did not influence faculty members' attitudes or intent to engage in scholarly activities. Lastly, neither POS nor LMX enhanced or diminished faculty members’ intention to engage in scholarly activities once their attitude had been formed.
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    Optimizing Enterprise Cybersecurity risk Management: A Business and IT Alignment Approach
    (2022-08) Jarjoui, Samir
    This dissertation outlines a holistic perspective for enterprise cybersecurity risk management and examines multiple interconnected dimensions for improving cyber resiliency within the organizational perspective.
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    THE INFLUENCE OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
    (2022-08) Sargent, Matthew J.
    A primary objective of higher education is to assist students in the area of cognitive development. When cognitive ability is developed and maintained at an optimal level, students can effectively manage and use pieces of information to solve complex problems. Research provides evidence that cognitive ability plays a critical role in predicting academic achievement. Research also notes that emotions play an essential role in cognitive ability, and cognitive ability may be easier or more difficult because of the emotional state. This study, one of the few to investigate the relationship between cognitive ability and academic performance within various outputs of upper-level accounting courses at a major US university, finds that students in accounting courses can leverage their cognitive ability to achieve higher performance in the classroom. This study found that cognitive ability is positively related to data analytics assignment grades and shows the importance of cognitive ability in helping to elevate one’s ability to use data analytics effectively. However, emotional intelligence (EI) was not found to moderate the relationship between a student’s cognitive ability and academic performance. This study is significant because it is one of the few studies on cognitive ability using a measurement that can separate the structure of a performance (indicative of a cognitive-developmental level) from the base content of a performance.
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    Does Transparency in Communication Matter? The Impact of Transparent Communication by Immediate Supervisors on Trust in Supervisors and Readiness to Change
    (2022-11) Becker, Chris
    Change is constant within organizations today, and transparency in communication is essential to ensure employees are ready to change. The aim of this research was to assess the impact of transparent communication by an immediate supervisor during strategic change on the perceived trust in the immediate supervisor and employees’ readiness to change. Transparent communication by immediate supervisors was hypothesized to positively impact trust in supervisors and employee readiness to change, and trust in supervisors was hypothesized to positively impact employee readiness to change, and partially mediate the relationship between transparent communication by immediate supervisors and employee readiness to change. Data was collected through a Qualtrics® panel using an online cross-sectional survey of respondents who worked full time in the U.S., were experiencing change at work, and reported to a supervisor in an organization. The hypothesized relationships between transparency,readiness to change, and trust were supported. This study was the first to assess the impact of transparency by immediate supervisors on the readiness to change of employees, and the hope is that this finding will spur additional research and practical conversations around the impact of transparent communication on employee outcomes.
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    The Dirty Workers Among Us: The Intervening Role of Job Crafting and the Moderating Role of Leader Member Exchange in The Evaluation of Self Determination & Work Engagement
    (2022-09-13) Davis, DeAndrea Y.
    This study evaluates job crafting as a strategy the hospital may utilize with guest services personnel to reduce turnover, increase work engagement, and improve the quality of patient care. Employee turnover is costly for organizations, as measured in dollars; however, turnover costs associated with guest services in a healthcare setting are problematic as they could go beyond financial implications. Since these workers ensure cleanliness standards are met and take care of dietary needs, patient care could be negatively impacted, leading to significant life and monetary cost. This study hypothesizes that individuals who job craft do so proactively, which leads to work engagement. Though job crafting is a self-initiated action taken by employees, this study postulates that leader involvement impacts employee self-determination, job crafting activity, and work engagement. The study is a non-experimental, quantitative, correlational field study, and the conceptual framework is grounded in Job Demand Resources Theory. The sample consists of hospital cleaners and food and nutrition specialists in a North Texas regional hospital. Participants were surveyed using a 40-item questionnaire comprised of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), the Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale (WEIMS), the Job Crafting Questionnaire Scale (JCQ), and the Leader-Member Exchange Multi Dimensional Measurement Scale. Moderating and mediating effects were assessed using the statistical software package PROCESS macro for SPSS®. Each job crafting factor was assessed individually to understand the uniqueness and interactions of each with self-determination, work engagement, and LMX. The results suggest a significant positive relationship between self-determination, relational and cognitive job crafting, and work engagement for dirty workers. Subsequently, only cognitive job crafting was found to be a full mediator of self-determination and work engagement, while relational job crafting was not. No support was found for LMX as a moderator; however, its inclusion covers a gap in the literature. In conclusion, the results of this study reflect that an individual's ability to reframe their work environment is paramount to achieving work engagement.
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    The Mediating Role of Employee Prevention Focus in the Relationship Between Work Group Structure and Employee Adaptive Behaviors
    (2022-07) Rowsey, April L.
    This research explores how work group initiating structure, which includes group behaviors and activities pertaining to completing tasks, adhering to policies and laws, or fulfilling work-role obligations, functions as a primer of employee prevention focus. In addition, the effects of prevention focus are explored for their subsequent influence on the focal work outcomes of functional presenteeism and prohibitive voice. A survey-supported research design was used to test a model based on regulatory focus theory (RFT) by exploring how employees' prevention focus at work mediates the influence of work group initiating structure on the focal outcomes of functional presenteeism and prohibitive voice. The results show that regulatory focus fully mediates the relationship between initiating structure and presenteeism at moderate to high levels of work locus of control, while initiating structure directly impacts prohibitive voice behavior. Theoretical and practical implications for these findings are discussed, and recommendations for future research are included.
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    Increasing the success rate of capital projects: Servant leadership to the Rescue?
    (University of Dallas Satish & Yasmin College of Business Administration, 2022-05-10) Carson, Joseph
    Given the demand for capital projects, such as the need to replace the aging infrastructure in the US, there will be an increase in the number of capital projects in the near future. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the project manager's use of servant leadership principles in the capital project setting.
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    Mothers' Awareness of Their Breastfeeding Rights: A Factor Influencing Breastfeeding Rates
    (2020-04-01T00:00:00-07:00) Smith, Russell; Dr. Scott Wysong; Dr. Sri Beldona; Dr. Blake Frank
    Breast milk has been well established as superior to formula for infants. However, while exclusive breastfeeding initiation rates of 83.2% are relatively high in the U.S. (CDC, 2018), breastfeeding rates drop off considerably after three months, with an average rate of 46.9%, and only 24.9% at six months (CDC, 2018). To improve these rates, federal and state governments have passed laws to promote breastfeeding, educate parents, and protect mothersâ rights while breastfeeding. However, new mothers do not appear be aware of the rights that have been granted by these new laws. This study was designed as a field study to examine whether mothersâ level of awareness of the breastfeeding centric laws and of their rights thereunder are an additional factor in breastfeeding rates. The study used a cross-sectional descriptive survey, collecting data from 118 mothers from six states with high, median, and low breastfeeding duration rates as reported by the CDC. The results indicate that age, household income, education, and employment status do influence breastfeeding duration. There is no statistically significant indication that race, age, household income, education, state of residence, fathersâ feeding preferences, number of children, or employment status influence mothersâ awareness of breastfeeding laws. There is also no statistically significant evidence that mothersâ awareness of breastfeeding legislation influences breastfeeding duration rates.
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    Assessing the Impact of Career Experience on Leadership Effectiveness in a Large Equipment Rental Company
    (2019-10-01T00:00:00-07:00) Cedillos, Cesar Jr.; Dr. Rosemary Maellaro; Dr. Scott Wysong
    Many organizations face the challenge of selecting competent individuals to fill leadership positions. The consequences of placing individuals who are not appropriately qualified into leadership positions can negatively impact organizational and employee outcomes, yielding lower sales, decreased quality of customer service, higher employee turnover, diminished performance levels, or low employee engagement. Thus, it is imperative that organizations carefully consider the selection criteria used to make leader hiring and promotion decisions. The target of this study was a large equipment-rental company that strongly prefers to fill branch-leader positions with individuals who possess prior sales experience. The study examined the impact of leadersâ prior career experience, specifically, sales experience, on employeesâ perceptions of leader effectiveness, sustainable engagement, and, ultimately, the overall effectiveness of location leaders based on financial performance. Results showed that marginally better employee outcomes emerged in locations led by individuals with prior sales experience, and slightly better financial performance emerged in locations led by individuals without prior sales experience. However, an analysis of variance revealed these differences were not statistically significant. Hence, these mixed results suggest that prior sales experience is not the singular determinant of branch-leader success in this organization.
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    Promoting Employee Engagement Through Enhanced Performance Management: A Field Study of Accountants
    (2018-02-08T00:00:00-08:00) Asare, Enoch; Dr. J. Lee Whittington; Dr. Robert Walsh; Dr. Tim Galpin
    Accounting work is characterized by high job demands, tight-deadlines, and job-rotational career paths. At the task level, the work of an accountant may be routine, even mundane, yet the stringency of reporting standards leaves little room for variety, task revision, job crafting, or other expressions of autonomy that are available in other jobs. These attributes of accounting work make accounting work more susceptible to employee disengagement (lack of full presence at work). Yet, performance outcome expectancies require accountants to be engaged (fully present at work). Although there is a great deal of research on employee engagement in general, there is a scarcity of research that investigates the engagement levels of accountants and the impact of engagement levels on performance. The present research proposes and empirically tests enhanced performance management practices as the solution to the disengagement of accountants.
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    The Importance of Delayed Gratification in B2B Sales
    (2018-10-01T00:00:00-07:00) Robledo, Sergio; Dr. Laura Munoz; Dr. Rich Miller
    Salespeople play a pivotal role in organizations as they are responsible for revenue streams. Finding the qualities that increase salespeopleâ s probability to perform at high levels when selling in a business to business environment, and how such qualities influence them to want to remain in the organization, are very important questions for companies. Delayed gratification is an important self-regulation construct that provides salespeople with the ability to develop long-term relationships with buyers that will increase business opportunities for both organizations. Establishing the relationships between delayed gratification, performance, and intentions to leave is the main objective of this research. Additionally, finding how two of the Big Five personality traits, consciousness and neuroticism, influence the individualâ s propensity to exercise delayed gratification is a secondary objective of this study. While sales performance and salespeople intentions to leave have been analyzed from several perspectives, to date, no research has been done to relate delayed gratification ability to these two constructs for salespeople. A similar endeavor for this research is how personal traits relate to salespeopleâ s delayed gratification. A field study will be employed to empirically test the four hypotheses that support the relationship between delayed gratification and performance, intentions to leave, conscientiousness, and neuroticism for salespeople.
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    Work-Related Attributes and Retention: Comparing Millennials and Other Generations
    (2017-10-27T00:00:00-07:00) Pasko, Raymond; Rosemary Maellaro, PhD; Michael Stodnick, PhD
    Supervising Professor: Rosemary Maellaro, Ph.D. Employers need to fill a widening gap within the U.S. workforce as a result of older generations aging out and retiring. Millennial employees, the fastest growing generational cohort, are the primary worker group that employers must rely upon to close this gap. However, Millennialsâ expectations regarding work-related attributes are different from previous generations. Therefore, companies need to understand what Millennials expect from their employers and become proactive in meeting those expectations, so they can retain millennial workers. This study surveyed three generations of workers currently employed by a health care company headquartered in the southwestern part of the U.S. to identify which combination of work-related attributes is most effective in influencing them to stay. The results indicate that job security, having a say, career advancement, and work/life balance were the most significant work-related attributes to influence