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John of Salisbury’s Metalogicon
John of Salisbury wrote the Metalogicon as a defense of the trivium (grammar, logic, and rhetoric). He wrote in response to the ‘Cornificians’, detractors in his own century who criticized the liberal arts as a waste of time and instead proposed their own ‘shortcut’ curriculum. Based on how John of Salisbury presents them in his work, the Cornificians seem to have been concerned with seeming wise rather than with developing true wisdom through habitual study and practice of the liberal arts and philosophy. In response, John argues that the liberal arts are necessary as a foundation for the whole of education since the arts build upon the God-given capacities of nature to enable us to make progress in various disciplines with efficient, repeatable, and teachable excellence. The arts of the trivium, which he calls the ‘arts of eloquence’, are the first of the liberal arts, and John defends their role as necessary for the entirety of education and the pursuit of human knowledge and virtue. The arts of eloquence are the foundation of a liberal education which frees the soul to pursue knowledge of all the disciplines and to ultimately know God and yield the gracious fruit of virtuous living.
THE MEDIATING ROLE OF RISK PERCEPTION IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COVID-19 KNOWLEDGE AND STRATEGIC THINKING IN HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATION
The Covid-19 pandemic has caused significant disruptions across multiple sectors, particularly in healthcare, necessitating the implementation of effective crisis management strategies. This dissertation explores the intricate relationship between Covid-19 knowledge, risk perception, and strategic decision-making among mid-level to executive personnel within healthcare organizations. While existing research has delved into the connection between Covid-19 knowledge and strategic thinking, there is limited understanding of the mediating role of risk perception in the healthcare industry. Employing structural equation modeling (SEM) for data analysis, this study aims to bridge this research gap and offer practical insights for healthcare managers grappling with pandemic challenges. The results affirm the positive influence of Covid-19 knowledge on both strategic thinking and risk perception. Additionally, risk perception is identified as a partial mediator in the relationship between Covid-19 knowledge and strategic thinking. This research enriches the literature by shedding light on the significance of risk perception within the context of Covid-19 knowledge and strategic decision-making within healthcare organizations.
Playing Two Games at Once: The Roles of Absorptive Capacity and Organizational Trust in the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Climate and Organizational Ambidexterity
The ever-changing competitive and unpredictable nature of the business environment dictates that organizations must be as good at anticipating future trends as they are at profitably running their current operations. Thus, organizational ambidexterity is essential for long-term survival. The dynamic business environment calls for behaviors across an organization encouraged by organizational actors, especially the top management team that are tasked with the strategic direction of the organization. Fostering an entrepreneurial climate as perceived by employees in the organization is the first step in laying the foundation for learning and innovation. Supported by the upper echelons theory, the present study examined the relationship between entrepreneurial climate and organizational ambidexterity, with additional interest in the roles that organizational trust and absorptive capacity play in the relationship. Using a sample of full-time employees across several industries recruited on the professional network platform LinkedIn to test the hypothetical and alterative models, the study confirms a positive relationship between an entrepreneurial climate and organizational ambidexterity with the mediating effect of absorptive capacity. However, organizational trust did not have a significant effect. Opportunities for future research are discussed.
Work-Life Balance in the New Normal: A Study of Performance and Well-Being Post-Pandemic
COVID-19 and the government shelter-in-place forced millions of traditional office employees to work outside their physical location, and instead, work as remote or work-from-home (WFH) employees. Even though the pandemic is over, this novel phenomenon has changed work characteristics and perceptions of employee outcomes moving forward. In addition, the mass exodus from office workers to remote workers has left a gap in the literature. The infrequency of remote workers before the pandemic is disproportionate to the many remote workers today, leaving the generalizability of WFH employee outcomes incomplete. The primary objective of this research is to examine the challenges associated with remote work, and their impact on the ability to balance professional obligations and family responsibilities. Examining the relationship between virtual work characteristics, autonomy and monitoring, and their effects on employee performance and well-being via work-home interference, we surveyed 381 full-time employees who work remotely at least one day a week. We found support for direct relationships between autonomy and performance and autonomy and work interference with family. In addition, we found direct relationships between work-home interference and performance and well-being. This study provides valuable insights into the experiences and perspectives of WFH employees.
Connecting with Multi-Campus Systems in Higher Education: The Moderating Role of Proximity Between Perceived Organizational Support and Employee Commitment
This study examines how proximity influences the relationship between perceived organizational support and employee commitment in multi-campus organizational structures. Authors have underlined how geographical proximity is not the only measure of the closeness of an organization. Proximity can be further examined through cognitive, institutional, social, and organizational proximities. We hypothesized that not only does the closeness of an organization influence employee commitment, but it also influences the relational dynamics of an employee's perceived organizational support. The purpose of this paper is twofold: to provide a conceptual framework to measure an organization's closeness and assess how proximity influences the relationship between organizational support and employee commitment. A survey was sent to the faculty and staff at a regional community college (n=92). The regression results aligned with the direct effects of perceived organizational support and employee commitment; however, the hypothesized moderating effects of proximity were insignificant. This research has implications for higher-education institutions with multiple campuses and contributes to organization proximity and employee commitment literature.